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Paul Newman
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Birth Name: Paul Leonard Newman
Birthdate: January 26, 1925
Birthplace: Cleveland, OH
Occupations: Actor, Director, Writer
Paul Newman Photo

Claim to Fame: 1969: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

Significant Other(s):
Wife: Jackie Witte; married 1949; divorced 1958
Wife: Joanne Woodward; married January 29, 1958

Family:
Father: Arthur, sporting-goods store owner; deceased
Mother: Theresa
Brother: Arthur, producer, production manager
Son: Scott; deceased due to drugs and alcohol at 28
Daughter: Stephanie; mother, Jacqueline Witte
Daughter: Susan; mother, Jacqueline Witte
Daughter: Elinor, food-sales executive; mother, Joanne Woodward
Daughter: Melissa, singer; mother Joanne Woodward
Daughter: Claire (aka Clea); mother, Joanne Woodward

Biography
Paul Newman briefly ran his family's sporting goods store in Cleveland before venturing into a show business career. Trained at Yale and the Actors Studio, he soon found work on Broadway, attracting critical attention for his 1953 Broadway debut in "Picnic". The compact, good-looking actor with the devastating pale blue eyes was signed by Warner Bros. and his screen debut came as the star of "The Silver Chalice" (1954), a curious biblical epic which brought him as much attention for his miscasting as for his talent. His first positive film notices were for his turn as boxer Rocky Graciano in "Somebody Up There Likes Me" (1956).

Early in his career, Newman was often labeled a Marlon Brando imitator or a James Dean successor, more thanks to the characters he played than to any conscious mimicry. Several of his early performances as Southerners (e.g., "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" and "The Long Hot Summer", both 1958; "Sweet Bird of Youth" 1962) developed his screen image as that of a volatile, cynical if troubled opportunist whose sex appeal was balanced by his seeming contempt for women.

Some of Newman's finest portrayals were of alienated but cocky misfits, characterizations which he tuned to perfection in a series of star vehicles which perhaps began with the early, very strange showcase, "The Left Handed Gun" (1958). He maintained a high batting average of quality films in which the sly, sometimes cruel machismo of his persona was undercut by moments of vulnerability and a propensity for playing losers; Newman's most acclaimed roles in the 60s include his aspiring pool champion in "The Hustler" (1961), the sexually predatory ne'er-do-well "Hud" (1963) and the prison inmate "Cool Hand Luke" (1967, featuring the famous egg-eating challenge). His less successful roles during this period completely emphasized either his animal energy (e.g., his bandit-rapist in 1964's "The Outrage", an American revamp of "Rashomon") or his keen intelligence (i.e,, Alfred Hitchcock's dreadful "Torn Curtain" 1966, with Newman as a physicist!).

The late 60s saw Newman branch out in both production and direction. Fueled by commercial success and a degree of artistic dissatisfaction, he joined with Sidney Poitier, Barbra Streisand, Steve McQueen and several other stars to form the First Artists production company in 1969. The venture, though much imitated, did little for the careers of its founders but did result in some interesting, if intermittent work. His deliberately modest yet highly sensitive directorial debut "Rachel, Rachel" (1968), showcasing his second wife Joanne Woodward as a lonely teacher, garnered critical raves.

Newman continued to enjoy popular success in front of the camera, scoring at the box-office with lightweight films such as "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" (1969) and "The Sting" (1973), both opposite Robert Redford. The late 70s saw some bold project choices which enjoyed varying degrees of success, from the sly critique of Robert Altman's "Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson" (1976) to Altman's unsuccessful futuristic saga "Quintet" (1979), with the off-beat detective yarn "The Drowning Pool" (1975) and the engagingly raucous if uneven "Slap Shot" (1977) in between.

Newman proved highly effective in a number of senior roles in the 1980s and 90s, his physical prowess maturing into a lean asceticism in films ranging from "Absence of Malice" (1981) to "Mr. and Mrs. Bridge" (1990, opposite Woodward), with an especially outstanding performance as an alcoholic lawyer attempting a comeback in "The Verdict" (1982). His Huey Long in "Blaze" (1989) was vaguely reminiscent of his misbehaving Southerners from days of yore, and his character turn in "The Hudsucker Proxy" (1994) played upon his status as one of Hollywood's elder statesmen. This position, in some ways surprising given the moody, dangerous persona of his youth, was confirmed with an honorary Academy Award in 1985 and a Best Actor Oscar the following year for Martin Scorsese's "The Color of Money", in which his 'Fast Eddie' Felson from "The Hustler" passed on his secrets to a younger generation (Tom Cruise). Newman also earned acclaim for his fifth directorial outing, an adaptation of Tennessee Williams' "The Glass Menagerie" (1987), again starring Woodward.

As he approached 70, Newman continued to dazzle audiences with his touching turn as an aging curmudgeon in Robert Benton's "Nobody's Fool" (1994). For his efforts Newman was rewarded with his ninth Academy nomination as Best Actor. He and Benton reteamed for the well-crafted "Twilight" (1998), which also featured Susan Sarandon and Gene Hackman, and once again proved he was capable of carrying a film. Newman also turned in a sly supporting role as Kevin Costner's father in the syrupy romance "Message in a Bottle" (1999).

Filmography
The Racing Experience
Tried by Fire
Ken Burns' Baseball: Extra Innings
Road to Perdition (2002)
Where the Money Is (2000)
The Directors: Martin Scorsese (2000)
Driven to Excellence (199?)
Message in a Bottle (1999)
Twilight (1998)
Super Speedway: The Mach II Special Edition (1998)
Super Speedway (1997)
The Universal Story (1996)
Audubon Video: Ancient Forests: Rage over Trees (1994)
The Hudsucker Proxy (1994)
Nobody's Fool (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 1 - Our Game (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 2 - Something Like War (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 3 - The Faith of Fifty Million People (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 4 - A National Heirloom (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 5 - Shadow Ball (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 6 - A National Pasttime (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 9 - Home (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 7 - The Capital of Baseball (1994)
Ken Burns' Baseball: Inning 8 - A Whole New Ballgame (1994)
The Mastery of Motion (1991)
Once Upon a Wheel (1991)
World War II Collection: Remember Pearl Harbor (1991)
Mr. and Mrs. Bridge (1990)
Blaze (1989)
Fat Man and Little Boy (1989)
John Huston: The Man, the Movies, the Maverick (1989)
End of the Line (1988)
Indy Challenge (1988)
The Glass Menagerie (1987)
The Color of Money (1986)
Adventure 1: Trailers on Tape (1984)
Harry and Son (1984)
The Verdict (1982)
Absence of Malice (1981)
Fort Apache, the Bronx (1981)
The Shadow Box (1980)
When Time Ran Out (1980)
Quintet (1979)
Slap Shot (1977)
Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976)
Silent Movie (1976)
The Drowning Pool (1975)
The Towering Inferno (1974)
The Mackintosh Man (1973)
The Sting (1973)
The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-In-The-Moon Marigolds (1972)
The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972)
Pocket Money (1972)
McCarthy: Death of a Witch Hunter (1971)
Sometimes a Great Notion (1971)
They Might Be Giants (1971)
Puzzle of a Downfall Child (1970)
WUSA (1970)
King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis (1970)
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969)
Winning (1969)
Rachel, Rachel (1968)
The Secret War of Harry Frigg (1968)
Cool Hand Luke (1967)
Hombre (1967)
Harper (1966)
Torn Curtain (1966)
A Year Toward Tomorrow (1966)
Lady L (1965)
The Outrage (1964)
What a Way to Go! (1964)
Hud (1963)
A New Kind of Love (1963)
The Prize (1963)
Sweet Bird of Youth (1962)
Adventures of a Young Man (1962)
The Hustler (1961)
Paris Blues (1961)
Exodus (1960)
From the Terrace (1960)
The Young Philadelphians (1959)
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)
The Left-Handed Gun (1958)
The Long, Hot Summer (1958)
Rally 'round the Flag, Boys! (1958)
Until They Sail (1957)
The Helen Morgan Story (1957)
Bang the Drum Slowly (1956)
Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956)
U.S. Steel Hour: Bang the Drum Slowly (1956)
The Rack (1956)
Playwrights '56: "The Battler" (1955)
U.S. Steel Hour (1955)
The Silver Chalice (1954)
Tales of Tomorrow, Vol. 2 (1953)
D-Day (1944)

Awards:
1953: Theatre World Award
1956: Golden Globe: Most Promising Newcomer-Male
1958: Cannes Film Festival: Best Actor, The Long Hot Summer
1961: British Film Academy Award: Best Foreign Actor, The Hustler
1965: Golden Globe: World Film Favorite-Male
1967: Golden Globe: World Film Favorite-Male
1967: NATO Star of the Year Award; presented by the National Association of Theater Owners
1968: Producers Guild of America Award: Best Motion Picture Producer, Rachel, Rachel
1968: New York Film Critics Circle Award: Best Director, Rachel, Rachel
1968: Golden Globe: Best Director, Rachel, Rachel
1984: Cecil B DeMille Award; presented by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association
1985: Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award; shared honors with Joanne Woodward
1985: Honorary Oscar; presented "in recognition for his many memorable and compelling screen performances and for his personal integrity and dedication to his craft"
1986: National Board of Review Award: Best Actor, The Color of Money
1986: Screen Actors Guild Lifetime Achievement Award
1986: Oscar: Best Actor, The Color of Money
1992: Kennedy Center Honors Lifetime Achievement Award
1993: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award; statuette presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
1994: New York Film Critics Circle Award: Best Actor, Nobody's Fool
1994: National Society of Film Critics Award: Best Actor, Nobody's Fool
1995: Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear: Best Actor, Nobody's Fool
1997: Ranked #19 in Empire (UK) magazine's Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time

Factoids:
Before he became an actor, Newman ran the family sporting goods store in Cleveland, Ohio
Allegedly at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, he was asked to leave for crashing a beer keg into the president's car

Education:
Shaker Heights High School in Cleveland, OH
Kenyon College in Gambier, OH; economics major
School of Drama, Yale University
Actors Studio in New York, NY

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